Development of Ethical Standards for the Evaluation of Research Projects in the Field of Research on Breastfeeding, Breastmilk and Lactation, from the Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine – a WHO Collaborating Centre for Bioethics at the University of Zurich (UZH).
Ensuring ethical integrity in research begins with early identification of fundamental and serious ethical considerations. Thus, the Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine at UZH, with support from FLRF, collected a set of published, international standards for the ethical evaluation of biomedical research and interventions within the field of breastfeeding and breastmilk.
Supported by a technical advisory group of clinicians and legal experts and led by Professor Nikola Biller-Andorno, the project compiled a comprehensive, well-founded compendium of ethical considerations to aid scientists, reviewers, healthcare practitioners, decisionmakers, policymakers, planners, implementation specialists, educators, funders and other stakeholders.
The compendium is being published in modules on EFBRI – An Evolving Ethical Framework Informing Breastfeeding Research and Interventions.
Future modules will be shaped by user needs and globally evolving ethics. Please help develop EFBRI by sharing your feedback and suggestions: firstname.lastname@example.org.
EFBRI is based on relevant national and international standards, including the Swiss Human Research Act, the Declaration of Helsinki and the Bioethics Convention of the Council of Europe.
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Bennett, R. (2007). Routine Antenatal HIV Testing and Informed Consent: An Unworkable Marriage? Source: Journal of Medical Ethics, 33(8), 446–448. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme.2006.018861
Brown, R. C. H. (2017). Social values and the corruption argument against financial incentives for healthy behaviour. Journal of Medical Ethics, 43(3), 140–144. https://doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2016-103372
Fetherston, C. M., & Leach, J. S. (2012). Analysis of the ethical issues in the breastfeeding and bedsharing debate. Breastfeeding Review, 20(3), 7–17.
Gribble, K. D., & Gallagher, M. (2014). Rights of children in relation to breastfeeding in child protection cases. British Journal of Social Work, 44(2), 434–450. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcu004
Griswold, M. K. (2017). Reframing the Context of the Breastfeeding Narrative: A Critical Opportunity for Health Equity Through Evidence-Based Advocacy. Journal of Human Lactation, 33(2), 415–418. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334417698691
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Hirani, S. A. A., & Olson, J. (2016). Concept Analysis of Maternal Autonomy in the Context of Breastfeeding. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(3), 276–284. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12211
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Hurlimann, T., Peña-Rosas, J. P., Saxena, A., Zamora, G., & Godard, B. (2017). Ethical issues in the development and implementation of nutrition-related public health policies and interventions: A scoping review. PLoS ONE, 12(10), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186897
Kukla, R. (2006). Ethics and Ideology in Breastfeeding Advocacy Campaigns. Hypatia, 21(1), 157–180. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1527-2001.2006.tb00970.x
Kukla, R. (2008). Measuring Mothering. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 1(1), 67–90. https://doi.org/10.3138/ijfab.1.1.67
Martucci, J., & Barnhill, A. (2018). Examining the use of “natural” in breastfeeding promotion: Ethical and practical concerns. Journal of Medical Ethics, 44, 615–620. https://doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2017-104455
Nihlén Fahlquist, J., & Roeser, S. (2011). Ethical problems with information on infant feeding in developed countries. Public Health Ethics, 4(2), 192–202. https://doi.org/10.1093/phe/phr019
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